When it comes to the smallest components of our universe, our usual understanding of how the world works ceases to apply. We have entered the realm of quantum physics. For a long time, many quantum phenomena could only be examined theoretically. Starting in the 1980s, Serge Haroche has designed ingenious experiments to study quantum phenomena when matter and light interact. He has been able to capture photons using another kind of trap - two mirrors which they can bounce between. This device allowed Serge Haroche to study the photons by passing atoms through the trap.Reference: Nobel Prize Biography of Serge Haroche
Launched in October 2018 and for a duration of 3 years, ASTERIQS aims at developing precise sensors made from diamonds including an atom-like defects like NV centres to measure quantities such as magnetic field, electric field, temperature or pressure and at investigating the structure of single molecules or spintronics devices.